Romania has a specific law on whistleblowing protection since 2004 – Law no. 571/2004 on the protection of personnel within public authorities and institutions disclosing violations of the law, shortly referred to as “Romanian Whistleblower’s Law”, and was the first country in the continental legislative system to have a comprehensive whistleblower protection act. However, mention should be made that the Romanian Whistleblower’s Law covers the personnel from the public sector alone, while employees within the private sector are not protected by this Law, but, as the case may be, by the general labor legislation or by the witness protection legislation.
News & Legal Updates
In 2008 Slovenia ratified the UN Convention against Corruption. Article 33 of the Convention defines, that each country (state party) shall consider incorporating into its domestic legal system appropriate measures to provide protection against any unjustified treatment for any person, who reports in good faith and on reasonable grounds to the competent authorities any facts concerning offences established in accordance with this Convention. For the first time in Slovenia, the Civil Law Convention on Corruption was ratified in 2003. To fill the “empty area” of not having any law, which would regulate whistleblower protection and which would have also sanctions, when such rules are violated, Integrity and Prevention of Corruption Act was adopted in 2010 (and later amended). This act also brought new regulations regarding whistleblowing protection as it is defined in UN Convention against Corruption.
There is no uniform legal framework as regards consumer protection law in Austria. The most important source of Austrian consumer protection law is the Austrian Federal Act on Consumer Protection (Konsumentenschutzgesetz). The latter act contains non-sector-specific provisions protecting consumers’ interests, whereas sector-specific provisions of consumer protection law may be found in laws regulating certain business activities, e.g. the Austrian Federal Act on Payment Services (Zahlungsdienstegesetz) contains information obligations for traders, which are binding for them when dealing with consumers.