Despite the noble idea, which stands behind whistleblowing, in Bulgaria, and most likely in many of the former Eastern European countries, whistle blowers are not referred to as role models and a champions for a better society, but rather as snitches and informants. Given the lack of explicit legislation, the private sector is generally free to introduce such systems in a manner and form as each company sees fit. Although as mentioned above the whistle blowing procedures and systems implemented by the companies do not encourage anonymous reports as well. Furthermore, the absence of effective legislation means that any whistleblower can effectively be threatened led by legal action on claims of defamation.
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It is notable that there is no national legislation to protect such witness in Cyprus as the concept of ‘whistleblowing’ is relatively new and it only emerged to the surface recently but mostly in respect to public or semi-governmental organisations. In 2011 a new non-governmental organization was founded named ‘Transparency International-The Global Coalition Against Corruption Cyprus’, which since its foundation aims with its proposals and work to help the citizens of the Republic of Cyprus to realise and understand how important the institution of whistleblowing is.
Although some countries apply specific rules for the so-called “whistleblowing” within the private companies for a long time, this topic only appeared in Hungary’s legal regulation in 2014. Since 2014, private companies have been entitled to apply specific internal regulations which entitle their employees for filing notices to the employer about other employees. The law describes the general requirements of the notice and the investigation procedure. The Hungarian regulation shall always be applied by the company or the affiliated company operating in Hungary in order to obey the laws and avoid any lawsuits or fines.